Mine Mine Mine
by Uhuru Portia Phalafala
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Pub Date 01 Mar 2023 | Archive Date 28 Feb 2023
Phalafala ties the catastrophic effects of gold mining on the miners and the environment in Johannesburg to the destruction of Black lives, the institution of the Black family, and Black sociality. Her epic poem addresses racial capitalism, bringing together histories of the transatlantic and trans-Indian slave trades, of plantation economies, and of mining and prison-industrial complexes. As inheritor of the migrant labor lineage, she uses her experience to explore how Black women carry intergenerational trauma of racial capitalism in their bodies and intersects the personal and national, continental and diasporic narration of this history within a critical race framework.
“In Mine Mine Mine Uhuru Portia Phalafala pulls off a small miracle of craft: an intimate poem and yet also an epic. In the tradition of composers like Zim Ngqawana and poets like Okot p’Bitek, this work is personal narrative, a musical composition, an operatic libretto, simultaneously original and yet drawing from the lineage of griots, inyosis, and imbongis, with perfect play between soloist and chorus. An incredible book that spans self, history, and unknown dimensions, part spirit and part human.”—Chris Abani, author of Smoking the Bible and The Secret History of Las Vegas
“History lies in our bodies, Uhuru Phalafala shows in Mine Mine Mine. Her words are insistent, alive, as necessary as breathing. She draws in startling depth the two worlds her grandparents lived in, her grandmother as one of millions of ‘widows with living husbands’ and her grandfather, banished to the city of men whose families are forbidden from living with them, and who descend each day to the subterranean country whose gold they gather and whose dust they breathe in and carry in their lungs. Refusing his death sentence by breathing, Phalafala addresses her grandfather directly, always in the present tense, noting how he and his comrades are made ‘animal’ by mining and apartheid. Her words hail her grandfather, refuse the theft of him by golden death, diamond-sharp death, death in the womb of the earth and death above the surface. The charge of Mine Mine Mine is to possess the self against the theft of the body by the underground cities and their mass graves a mile down, their gold dust carried in bodies that are a treasure to those they never see except at Christmas and at the end to die, coughing. Phalafala writes a new history, tenderly filling in what was lost, the births and generations missed during the long absences, bearing witness to the links from the Atlantic and Indian Ocean slave trades to the dust of the mines, tracing centuries of history in one body breathing.”—Gabeba Baderoon, author of The History of Intimacy and A Hundred Silences
“Mine Mine Mine grabs my heart by its throat and tells it who it is. . . . The breadth of Phalafala’s twelve-year academic devotion to the study of words is evident in the precision with which she wields her tremendous sonic and literary gifts. The mind’s ear hears the repetitive machinery of the mines. It connects to the sharp edge that Blackness gave birth to in the city. Phalafala guides the reader across the complex contours of womanhood, the embodiment of the land in Setswana, and mourns a lost cyclical relationship to both. Canons of Black feminist memory, music, and pan-African influences converge in a treatise so tight the only word that can crown this elegant elegy is ‘truth.’”—Lebogang Mashile, award-winning poet and performer
“These poems exist as a single aching narrative that traces the poetics of memory and geography and the sheer weight of them is both brutal and beautiful—like history itself. There are stanzas that are impossible to forget. . . . It is a rare gift, this—to be able to say the hardest things in the most difficult of ways, to be unyielding and unbowed and to be unashamed. It is a wonder to behold, this way of writing that weaves time and place and joy; that notes what has been lost and revels in what might yet come. . . . This work is a catalogue of loss but it is also a tally of what we have gained. It maps the past just as surely as it marks out the terrain of our future. It is a beginning, a way of doing anew what has always been done. This work is indeed a way to ‘sing our resurrection.’”—Sisonke Msimang, author of Always Another Country: A Memoir of Exile and Home and The Resurrection of Winnie Mandela
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Average rating from 3 members
This poetry forms a historical narrative of South Africa's miner history through the perspectives of those directly experiencing it from multiple experiences, and those affected by the labor abuse who were not the miners. It paints a holistic picture of the depth of impact, of the systems of oppression that contributed to the immense struggle and the impact that reverberated globally. Between tender narratives of personal perspective and experience, there are pieces of very factual, critical analysis of the systems of oppression that can teach history and political analysis through personal narratives. However, while some of the poetry weaves in the hard facts and analysis seamlessly with much emotional impact, much of it especially in the beginning can feel jarring and tells rather than shows, and it can be hard to tell if it's for those who have enough political knowledge to read this and gather the knowledge from narrative, or those who have no prior political knowledge and need this analysis to be hand fed to them. Overall, I think it's still an incredibly important narrative to be told, and a very thoughtful way of teaching politics and history.
Thank you to Netgalley and University of Nebraska Press for providing me with an eARC of this fascinating epic poem, however, all thoughts and opinions are my own.
I didn't know much about the subject matter of this narration, which is about the author's family's experience of the migrant labor system brought about by the gold mining industry in Johannesburg, South Africa. I did a little outside research over the process of reading this collection to find out more information, which gave me a deeper appreciation of it. I'm not very good at reading between the lines of poetry generally, but I enjoy the images that it creates. The images here being absolutely heartbreaking.
The way this horrific industry impacted and shaped Black society and Black families in South African is horrendous and the poetry really highlights the atrocities like a swift gut punch. The industry created a never ending circle of suffering. Black men suffered working in the mines and some eventually died from silicosis. Black women suffered through rape and abuse to ultimately bring about more children, especially male children who could also end up working in the mind. Also, as these families were separated, they missed having time spent and connections built together.
There are so many bits and pieces of references and inspiration in the notes that I need to comb through that I have a feeling a whole class could be taught on this epic poem and there would still not be enough time to get through everything. I always appreciate the chance to learn something new and this provides that in spades, at least for someone not familiar at all with South African history. I think someone who was already familiar with South African history would immediately get more out of the poetry, but those who invest a little time and effort will get just as much if not more.
Overall, I would recommend this for poetry readers, those interested in South African history, critical race theory, and any of the themes I mentioned. I think if you are not from South Africa or more familiar than I am with the history you may not get as much out of it, but I think those that put in a little time and do some research will be richly rewarded. I look forward to going through the notes and seeing more by this author in the future. I also look forward to seeing more from the African Poetry Book Series. I missed the first installment, but I hope to catch the rest of the books in the series.
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