The Notorious Elizabeth Tuttle
Marriage, Madness, and Murder in the Family of Jonathan Edwards
by Ava Chamberlain
Pub Date 31 Oct 2012
Who was Elizabeth Tuttle?
For most historians, she is a footnote, a blip. At best, she is a minor villain in the story of Jonathan Edwards, perhaps the greatest American theologian of the colonial era. For many historians, Jonathan Edwards is a theological genius, wildly ahead of his time, a Puritan hero. Elizabeth Tuttle is Edwards's "crazy grandmother," the one whose madness and adultery drove his despairing grandfather to divorce.
In this compelling and meticulously researched work of microhistory, Ava Chamberlain unearths a fuller history of Elizabeth Tuttle. It is a violent and tragic story in which anxious patriarchs struggle to govern their households, unruly women disobey their husbands, mental illness tears families apart, and loved ones die sudden deaths. Through the lens of Elizabeth Tuttle, Chamberlain re-examines the common narrative of Jonathan Edwards's ancestry, giving his long-ignored paternal grandmother a voice. Tracing this story into the 19th century, she creates a new way of looking at both ordinary families of colonial New England and how Jonathan Edwards's family has been remembered by his descendants, contemporary historians, and, significantly, eugenicists. For as Chamberlain uncovers, it was during the eugenics movement, which employed the Edwards family as an ideal, that the crazy-grandmother story took shape.
The Notorious Elizabeth Tuttle not only brings to light the tragic story of an ordinary woman living in early New England, it also explores the deeper tension between the ideal of Puritan family life and its messy reality, complicating the way America has thought about its Puritan past.
Ava Chamberlain is Associate Professor of Religion at Wright State University in Dayton, Ohio. She is the editor of The "Miscellanies," Nos. 501-832, vol. 18 of The Works of Jonathan Edwards.
"Chamberlain (religion, Wright State Univ.), an expert on religion in Colonial America, beautifully displays her expertise in this microhistory about Puritan goodwife Elizabeth Tuttle, the paternal grandmother of theologian Jonathan Edwards...Chamberlain paints a more human and sympathetic portrait. She condenses an immense amount of information into a relatively short book, with extensive notes showcasing the depth of research. The lack of a written record by Tuttle herself is a drawback, but Chamberlain uses the many other primary sources surrounding Tuttle's life to flesh out the narrative. This is a lovely book that will appeal to all readers intrigued by American history, women's history, gender studies, or religious studies."-STARRED Library Journal