What Science Is and How It Really Works
by James. C. Zimring
Pub Date 03 Sep 2019
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Scientific advances have transformed the world.
However, science can sometimes get things wrong, and at times, disastrously so.
Understanding the basis for scientific claims and judging how much confidence we should place in them is essential for individual choice, societal debates, and development of public policy and laws.
We must ask: what is the basis of scientific claims?
How much confidence should we put in them?
What is defined as science and what is not?
This book synthesizes a working definition of science and its properties, as explained through the eyes of a practicing scientist, by integrating advances from philosophy, psychology, history, sociology, and anthropology into a holistic view. Crucial in our political climate, the book fights the myths of science often portrayed to the public.
Written for a general audience, it also enables students to better grasp methodologies and helps professional scientists to articulate what they do and why.
We live in a world where the discoveries of well-done science are rapidly improving the lives of millions; but at the same time poorly done inquiry that fails to meet the foundational principles of science, even when carried out with all good intentions, can result in harmful false conclusions resulting in wasting of resources, bad results for individuals and bad public policy for nations. Dr. Zimring has produced a marvelously cogent and eminently readable book that explains how to recognize good science and know when to question poor 'scientific' conclusions. Reading this book places scientists and non-scientists on the same playing field when discussing critical issues and making important decisions. I would feel much better going to the polls if every voter understood the lessons that Zimring effortlessly communicates.-Brian R. Smith, Yale University, Connecticut