Exodus Old and New
A Biblical Theology of Redemption
by L. Michael Morales
This title was previously available on NetGalley and is now archived.
Pub Date 18 Aug 2020 | Archive Date 17 Sep 2020
InterVarsity Press, IVP Academic
"Exodus Old and New is a fascinating, well-written, and convincing book. Morales does a masterful job of demonstrating that the exodus theme is both extensive and pervasive throughout both the Old and New Testaments—indeed, it lies at the very heart of biblical theology. This is a fresh and insightful study of a very important theme. This book makes a very important contribution to the field of biblical theology and is a must-read for all who preach, teach, or write in this field."
-J. Daniel Hays, professor of biblical studies, Ouachita Baptist University
"A key to understanding the coherent nature of scriptural revelation is to have a firm grasp on the biblical theological themes that stretch from Genesis to Revelation. Michael Morales has given us an impressive study of one of the most pervasive and interesting themes found in the Bible—the exodus. Exodus Old and New is based on solid scholarship, and the writing is extremely clear and accessible. I recommend this book for all serious readers of Scripture."
-Tremper Longman III, distinguished scholar and professor emeritus of biblical studies, Westmont College
"With academic expertise Michael Morales offers an insightful overview of the Bible centered on the themes of exile and exodus. He helpfully demonstrates how the Exodus account of God's dramatic deliverance of the enslaved Israelites from Egypt provides a paradigm for a greater exodus centered on Jesus Christ, the perfect Passover sacrifice. His thought-provoking analysis of the broad sweep of Scripture from Genesis to Revelation is compelling, even when one might differ on minor details. Exodus Old and New highlights admirably how the concept of exodus is highly significant, leading to life with God by reversing the tragic consequences of humanity's exile from God's presence."
-T. Desmond Alexander, senior lecturer in biblical studies and director of postgraduate studies at Union Theological College, Belfast
"The exodus is just as important as Michael Morales says it is, and this book (and the series) will rejoice the hearts of all who, having been saved through the judgment that fell on the Lamb, now pass through the wilderness sustained by the bread of life on the way to the new and better Jerusalem. Exodus Old and New will send its readers back to the Bible with fresh eyes and new questions. As with all books on biblical theology, readers should test everything by the Scriptures themselves, and Morales's vigorous prose and provocative ideas provide great exercise for those seeking to stretch their biblical-theological limbs and lungs. Enjoy!"
-James M. Hamilton Jr., professor of biblical theology at Southern Baptist Theological Seminary
"Morales's book is well worth reading. Advanced students will relish the opportunity to put their Bibles back together after years of studying its parts. Morales harnesses elegant prose to convey biblical insights with theological depth. His book is a gift to the church."
-Carmen Joy Imes, associate professor of Old Testament at Prairie College, author of Bearing God's Name: Why Sinai Still Matters
Available on NetGalley
Average rating from 5 members
The book is divided into three parts: 1) The Historical Exodus out of Egypt, 2) The Prophesied Second Exodus, and 3) The New Exodus of Jesus the Messiah. L. Michael Morales writes, "Millennia of humanity’s highest endeavors in philosophy , political thought, education, science, and even conquest have done nothing to reduce the ancient curse— arguably the situation has gotten much worse" But, God’s solution solution to the fall is to "bring the nations out of exile to himself in a great exodus of deliverance." The differences among the hmanity will not be erased rather, "He will create a beautiful selfless harmony among them, reconciling them to himself and to each other, creating a new humanity." We see this in the Covenant made with Abraham: Now the LORD said to Abram, “Go forth from your country, And from your relatives And from your father’s house, To the land which I will show you; And I will make you a great nation, And I will bless you, And make your name great; And so you shall be a blessing; And I will bless those who bless you, And the one who curses you I will curse. And in you all the families of the earth will be blessed.” Genesis 12:1 (NASB) In the three parts of this book Dr. Morales shows us how the Exodus Theme develops throughout scripture from the beginning to the end. From the beginning God's purpose has been to bless all the families of the earth. He establishes for us the threefold cultic exodus, 1) moving from purification by blood, 2) to consecration, and 3) ending with a fellowship meal in Yahweh’s house. This pattern will be seen historically in the prophesied second exodus, and the new exodus of Jesus the Messiah. This book was very well structured, informative, and a joy to see how God is working to redeem his creation. I highly recommend this book as an addition to your library.
Wow, thats all I can say. One thing I've learned after reading "Who shall ascend the mountain of the Lord?" is that if Michael Morales writes it, I want to read it. This book is wonderful. It will give you a fuller and deeper understanding of the Bible and you will probably want to take notes and read it again.
There are many precious lessons and truths we can learn from the Bible. With the rich narratives, histories, poetry, prophecies, symbolism, images, and so on, there are many timeless biblical principles that we can apply to our daily lives. One of the key themes of the Christian life is the journey motif. Related to this is something relatively less talked about: The Exodus motif. Based on his dissertation work under Gordon J. Wenham on Genesis and Exodus, author Michael Morales takes the familiar Old Testament journey narrative and focuses on the exit from darkness to light in three situations. The first is the historical exodus of Israel out of slavery in Egypt. This is often the default popular understanding of the exodus. When we refer to the "exodus" in the Bible, almost always we would think of the Bible book "Exodus." This is the "old exodus." Morales believes that the exodus motif has more significance rather than a historical retelling of the story of Israel escaping the clutches of Pharaoh. In fact, he discovers that the exodus motif can be found in several other Bible books like Matthew, Romans, and Revelation. He widens it to include the "second exodus," which is essentially the prophesied second exodus accomplished in Jesus as he leads people from hell to life, even as He emerges from death to life in his resurrection. This can also be understood as the exodus from death to life. Third, there is the "new exodus" where Jesus rises from earth to glory as described in the gospel of John. This three exodus movements parallel the threefold structure of Dante Alighieri's poem: 1) Inferno - Israel's exodus from Egypt (Historical Exodus) 2) Purgatorio - Sanctification and Perseverance (Jesus' resurrection from the dead) 3) Paradiso - entering the promise land (Jesus entering heaven in glory) Morales expands the exodus motif from the historical to the eschatological, and highlights some existential applications for us. Along with this main motif, readers get to see the other biblical themes coming into play, like redemption, salvation, sanctification, perseverance, glorification, and so on. Part One of the book deals with the historical exodus out of Egypt. Going all the way back to Genesis, Morales notes that there has been several other cases of exodus: Abraham from Egypt; Lot from Sodom; Hagar from the household of Jacob; and so on. The general plot applies: Slavery; Freedom; Redemption; and Worship of God. Then there is the metaphorical element with Egypt as "Sheol," the Red Sea as the waters of death; earthly enemies as representation of evil; the Passover and how it relates directly to the Lamb of God. Readers will find it a fascinating journey going back and forth between the past and the future. Part Two of the book looks like a regurgitation of the same exodus motif. Israel goes into exile once again and the prophecy made that the time will come when Israel will return back in freedom. This "second exodus" might be different in terms of the time and context, but the Saviour and covenant keeper remains the same: God is faithful throughout it all. Morales calls this "second exodus" as "greater than the first" because the work is no longer simply external liberation of the bodies, but a deeper change in the hearts of the people. He goes on to expand on this greater than the first logic with a listing of the "five elements of the prophesied second exodus." 1) Glory of the LORD's Name 2) A New David 3) A Preparation for the Advent of the Messiah 4) Outpouring of the Spirit 5) Resurrection The highlight of the second exodus is the promised Servant King. Finally, the third exodus, or the "new exodus" focuses on the Person of Jesus Christ. More specifically, the new exodus is anchored on the resurrection of Christ and the ushering of the new age of the Kingdom of God. In Christ, we see the fulfillment of the covenants in both the Old and the New Testament. My Thoughts ============== I like to offer three thoughts about this book. First, the author offers the exodus motif to expound on many other areas of theology. He integrates biblical theology using a single exodus motif, and creatively draws in other major biblical themes. In doing so, readers will appreciate the challenge of going beyond merely one biblical book of Exodus or just one episode of Israel escaping the tentacles of Pharaoh. Not many people would have thought that the exodus motif could stretch from Genesis to Revelation. Morales did and he did it with fascinating scholarship and persuasive arguments. Sometimes I wonder if it is too much of a stretch. At times, it does feel that way especially when the author moves more into the metaphorical domain. Second, I notice that the bulk of the work is still based on the historical first exodus. Using the dedicated chapters as a guide, Morales devotes seven chapters on the first exodus, four chapters on the second exodus, and three chapters on the new exodus. I suppose there is more resources and work done on understanding the historical exodus. Of course, if we were to combine Parts Two and Three together and call it the "New Exodus," that would balance out evenly the treatment of the Old and the New Exodus. Having said that, I enjoy Part One more as Morales gives new insights into the exodus narrative. Perhaps, the author could have expanded on Dante Alighieri's poem, especially in the later part of the book. Finally, I find the arguments rather repetitive. This is probably the weakness of just having a single motif to tie in everything else. In summary, I think the author has honoured the objectives of the "New Studies in Biblical Theology." He has used the exodus motif as his central biblical theological theme. He covers the breadth of Scripture from Genesis to Revelation. He sheds light on the person of Christ and most importantly, gives us a fresh appreciation of Jesus and the significance of the resurrection. L. Michael Morales is professor of biblical studies at Greenville Presbyterian Theological Seminary in Taylors, South Carolina. Previously he was provost and professor of Old Testament at Reformation Bible College in Sanford, Florida. He is the author of The Tabernacle Pre-Figured: Cosmic Mountain Ideology in Genesis and Exodus. Rating: 4 stars of 5. conrade This book has been provided courtesy of InterVarsity Press and NetGalley without requiring a positive review. All opinions offered above are mine unless otherwise stated or implied.